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    Volume 77-4 out now!

    Between employment issues, the labour market transformation, and the social and legal responsibility of employers, this issue will invite you to question several principles of industrial relations.

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    RIIR in one minute

    Watch this short video that introduce the journal, its recent accomplishments and our future ambitions!

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    A Critical Message from our Editor

    RI/IR has been upgraded in one of the most important ranking in Europe. Prof. Gould, our editor, reacts to the news and its impact on the journal.

African Unions Under Structural Adjustment Programs

African Unions Under Structural Adjustment Programs

Bassirou Tidjani

Volume : 53-2 (1998)


In most African countries, structural adjustment programs constituted the context of industrial relations conflicts during the 1980s because they had a negative effect on social and working conditions. This study discusses African labour’s responses to its deteriorating conditions, and to states’ attempts to limit labour’s demands. It concludes that structural adjustment programs were implemented in all African countries despite labour’s resistance. The degree of implementation depended on governments’ repressive capabilities, workers’ traditions of striving for independent organizations, and on unions’ perceptions of the issue and their responsibilities under prolonged economic crises.